CHHE’s mission is to understand how human health, at both the individual and population level, is impacted by environmental factors and to implement this knowledge to reduce the adverse impacts of environmental factors on human health.

CTD-Hexagon711Database Helps Researchers Connect Exposures to Health Effects, Compare Diseases for Treatment

Two new studies from a group at North Carolina State University give researchers new strategies for connecting environmental exposures to human health effects.

The Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD) is a public database that manually curates and codes data from the scientific literature describing how environmental chemicals interact with genes to affect human health. “CTD is the only freely available database of its sort,” says Carolyn Mattingly, associate professor of biology at NC State, principal investigator of the CTD program and co-director for the Center for Human Health and the Environment’s Integative Health Sciences Facility Core. “It centralizes scientific data on thousands of chemicals and their relationships to genes, molecular pathways and diseases, and combines this information with tools to help scientists explore the impact of environmental exposures on human health.”

Cynthia Grondin, research scholar at NC State and lead author of the group’s study appearing today in Environmental Health Perspectives, has helped augment the database’s content to include information from exposure science articles. These data complement CTD’s experimental data with real-world exposure information on human populations and diseases. Two other CHHE members, David Reif and Jane Hoppin also contributed to these studies.

Using an initial collection of 3,000 published articles selected for environmental exposures to humans, Ph.D.-level biocurators read the articles and hand-curated the data. They collected 54 types of data from each paper, including: the chemical involved in the exposure; demographic information on the exposed population; how the chemical was measured; and what effects were observed – including disease outcomes. Data were captured in a systematic way, incorporated into CTD and released publicly in March 2016.

“Combining this information with the more than 30 million chemical-gene-disease interactions already in CTD really expands the way users can analyze the data, by grounding experimental data in real-world contexts and providing mechanistic information to population-based studies,” says Grondin.

Read more here.

Calendar

 
August 29, 2016
  • PoPMED Forum Seminar Series: Ben Anderson, Duke Global Health Institute "Bioaerosol Sampling in Modern Agriculture: A Novel Approach for Emerging Pathogen Surveillance?"

    August 29, 2016 @ 12:15 pm - 1:10 pm
    1060 William Moore Dr. room D-236

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August 30, 2016
  • CHHE and Toxicology Sponsored Seminar: Susan Sumner, RTI “Metabolomics in Maternal and Child Health”

    August 30, 2016 @ 4:00 pm - 5:00 pm
    Toxicology Building Auditorium - Room 2104

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September 1, 2016
  • Geospatial Forum: Ben Watson, NCSU "Location Experiences - Where We've Been, Are, and May Be"

    September 1, 2016 @ 3:30 pm - 4:30 pm
    5103 Jordan Hall

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September 2, 2016
  • Duke University (ITEHP) Seminar Series - Charlotte Clark & Elizabeth Sharpiro -Duke - Communication out of the box: Research translation and community engagement

    September 2, 2016 @ 12:00 pm - 1:30 pm
    Field Auditorium, Environment Hall, Circuit Dr, Durham, NC 27710, USA

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The CHHE’s Community Outreach and Engagement Core (COEC) works to translate and get research out to the people of North Carolina through a variety of outlets and media, and facilitate two-way communication and collaboration between our scientists and our neighbors throughout the state.

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